Install Tiki Wiki from Git, Virtualmin and Debian 10 on AWS EC2 instanceAuthor: Bernard Sfez -
A short summary of the complete setup from a fresh install to publish a Tiki website online using Virtualmin, Git and MariaDB.
I’ll explain how to setup your server, install Webmin and Virtuamin control panel, update MariaDB, install multiple version of PHP, setup and use Git, set an SSL certificat and setup a Tiki website online.
This quick tutorial is for intermediate IT Admin or fullstack developper. To follow the instruction, you need to know how use the shell, have root access and a minimum of knowledge about servers, mysql and hosting... or be adventurous. Not joking, today you can setup quickly a free instance on Amazon or Google Cloud and yes, try, create and terminate instance for 0 cost (use tier free option). You just need time and to be ready to fail and to learn.
Anyway, what you don’t want to do is to play on live data without backup or without knowing what to do.
Don’t risk catastrophe, you can always ask me to do it for you or search in the Tiki Consultants list if you need professional job done by... Specialist.
I installed twice using 2 different method and server setup.
Once I used an AWS EC2 instance from Amazon and the second time I setup a bare Linux server from scratch.
Install on AWS EC2 Instance
Log into your AWS Console, select your region (the region you want the server to be set for... the closer the better) and follow the install process for your EC2 instance. Select a community AMI for your Linux distribution (Debian10 in my case). Set security group and open port 80, 443, 22 and 10000. Set your SSH host key... There is plenty of help and support pages.
Some may found hard to connect for the first time using ssh, check : https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/AccessingInstancesLinux.html
check also you are using the right username to connect to your instance: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/managing-users.html
In 2 cases I had to terminate the instance and recreate it from scratch (and so the key). If it was only once I would say I made a mistake somewhere (while I uses the default settings) but twice... 😉
Sometimes a reboot is necessary to validate you security settings and your key.
Install on bare bone server
- Download your Linux Debian distro and follow the instruction to create a bootable volume at : https://www.debian.org/CD/http-ftp/ (This is a cd/network install I choose to avoid changing my server bios setup but there are also disk on key install, etc). You need to connect your server to the internet to update and complete properly this installation.
- Boot the server on the volume just created and select the installer. I used the live one but there is also a graphical install providing a more user-friendly experience.
- Set language, keyboard (suggested to keep all in English/US) and your location.
- Configure hostname and domain (you can change them later on, see below)
- Create root and first user account.
- Partition disk (Guided – use entire disk is the easiest choice), follow the guide there is recommendations for new users). At the end of the process write the changes to the disk to validate.
- Select a mirror, at some point you'll be asked to connect to a Debian mirror online selecting one close to your server location.
- Select your package, I selected the minium: web server, SSH server, Standard system utilities
- Install GRUB boot loader (follow the 2 screen recommendation and default selection)
Remove your Debian install volume (CD or USB disk) and reboot
You should be able to login using you newly created user (and to switch to root if needed:
Set the root password (EC2)
Not everybody will need this but as I used an AWS AMI Debian10 package I needed it so it may be useful for others in similar case. (default ssh user is admin)
sudo -i passwd
Check your hostname
For Webmin to work properly, you need to configure the hostname and FQDN on the server itself by editing the /etc/hostname and /etc/hosts files.
It should display your hostname mostly your domain name like "mydomain" (without http or .com)
(by default Amazon set the internal IP instance address and later on Virtualmin won’t like it)
You can change this and set it for your host name (just the name without http or .com)
sudo nano /etc/hostname
You need to check add your host here too:
sudo nano /etc/hosts
Insert a new line with
127.0.1.1 your_hostname.your_domain.com your_hostname
Reboot and recheck (sudo reboot)
Note: In Debian10 Buster, to make changes permanent you need to edit /etc/cloud/templates/hosts.debian.tmpl instead.
Update your Debian server
Log onto your server and first update/upgrade it with the following commands:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install mariadb-server sudo mysql_secure_installation sudo systemctl status mariadb
Install Webmin and Virtualmin
Download Virtualmin using the below script. It is basically a shell script that will handle rest of the installation once executed.
Then run it
wget https://software.virtualmin.com/gpl/scripts/install.sh sudo /bin/sh ./install.sh
You have now to set your Webmin password (don’t use the letter & ?).
sudo /usr/share/webmin/changepass.pl /etc/webmin root yourpassword
sudo systemctl restart webmin
You will now have access to your control panel if the port 10000 is open else, you may need to open the port it on the server. Because by default the Virtualmin will listen to the port Virtualmin. You only have to open this port if all the incoming requests on your server are blocked by default. (this is done using the security group on AWS)
Use https://your_server_domain:10000 (you can use your server IP too)
Once you are in , follow Virtualmin Post installation wizard.
It is pretty straightforward and everything is done to guide you.
Install several versions of PHP
Debian 10 come by default with 7.0 and installing MariaDB will add PHP7.4. As I wanted to keep PHP7.2 for a Tiki 21 I added it.
I enabled the sury.org repository and update the package list:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https lsb-release ca-certificates sudo wget -O /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/php.gpg https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg sudo echo "deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list apt update
From here you can install any PHP package (change version number for what you need) and it will be accessible for your PHP version configuration in Virtualmin
sudo apt-get install php7.2 php7.2-cgi php7.2-cli php7.2-fpm php7.2-mysql
sudo apt-get install php7.2 php7.2-cgi php7.2-cli php7.2-fpm php7.2-mysql php7.2-xml php7.2-gd php7.2-intl php7.2-xsl php7.2-curl php7.2-zip php7.2-mbstringOn another server installed from scratch (not using AWS debian 10 AMI), after applying the above, I had to delete manually files starting with "ondrej-" at
/etc/apt/sources.list.dto be able to install any php version
Once I completed the installation of the second PHP I recheck the Virtualmin configuration it by logging into Virtualmin, and clicking System Settings -> Re-Check Config
You can configure which one is the default PHP version used on new Virtual Servers. The default is to use the newest available. You can change that default in System Settings -> Server Templates -> Default -> PHP Options. To set your host or domain PHP version go to Virtualmin -> Server configuration -> PHP version and on that screen you can set the PHP version to useversion.
Install and check git is running
sudo apt install git git --version
Navigate into your html directory. If you don’t know where it is located on your new server on Virtualmin check the Virtual Server Summary.
There, enter the git clone command. In my case I needed Tiki branch (version) 21.x without previous history (depth=1)
git clone --depth=1 --branch=21.x https://gitlab.com/tikiwiki/tiki.git .
Tada... Follow the regular Tiki install process (setup.sh (see additional notes below), database creation) and you have a Tiki ready to be installed !
Additional notes to install composer and the dependencies
The composer installation from setup.sh check and requires some packages and libraries
- curl must be installed
apt install curl
- The extension ext-gd must be installed for your php version
apt-get install php7.4-gd
- The extension ext-intl must be installed for your php version
apt-get install php7.4-intl
- Also the xls package for your php version
apt-get install php7.4-xsl
- Also the xls package for your php version
- The extension ext-curl must be installed for your php version
apt-get install php7.4-curl
- The extension ext-zip must be installed for your php version
apt-get install php7.4-zip
- The extension ext-bcmath must be installed
apt-get install php7.4-bcmath
- Restart apache2
systemctl restart apache2
Once I run my first Tiki I wanted to add other Virtualmin virtual server to add another Tiki website.
Once set I found out it point to the first website. Here how I fixed this;
Virtualmin | System Settings | Virtualmin Configuration | Defaults for new domains | Address format for Apache virtual hosts
One can choose:
detect automatically (in my case it was a problem)